Section 80U and 80DDB provide tax benefits to individuals and their family members with disabilities. An individual suffering from disability himself gets tax benefit under section 80U while an individual gets tax benefits under section 80DDB if any dependent family member of the individual is suffering from a disability.
Tax benefit is available to any resident individual who is certified as “a person with disability” by the “medical authority”.
For deduction under section 80U, individuals or persons with disability are categorized into two types:
a) Person with Disability
A person with disability means the person is suffering from at least 40% of a disability. If an individual has at least 40% of a disability then he is eligible for a deduction of Rs. 75,000.
b) Person with Severe Disability
A person with disability means the person who is suffering from at least 80% of a disability. If an individual has severe disability (i.e., 80% or more of a disability) then he is eligible for a deduction of Rs. 1,25,000.
Disabled person (40% disability)
Severely disabled person (80% disability)
Who is a medical authority?
The following kinds of medical authorities can certify a person to be disabled:
- A Civil Surgeon or Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of a government hospital.
- A Neurologist with an MD in Neurology.
- In case of children, a Paediatric Neurologist having an equivalent degree.
What is a disability?
Disabilities are defined in “The Persons with Disability
(Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation)
Act, 1995”. Persons suffering from any of the following kinds of
disabilities as certified by a medical authority qualify for tax deduction u/s 80U.
- Low vision
- Hearing impairment
- Loco motor disability
- Mental retardation
- Mental illness
- Cerebral palsy
Frequently asked questions
What are the documents required to claim tax deduction under section 80U for my disability?
You don’t need to produce any document in order to claim income tax deduction under section 80U. However, you need to keep the certificate which your medical authority has issued to you by certifying your disability. For illness such as autism or cerebral palsy Form 10-IA additionally need to be filled up.
Who can certify my disability to claim the benefit of tax deduction under section 80U?
A medical authority can certify your disability to claim income tax benefit or tax deduction under section 80U.