NREGA is an acronym of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which was notified in 2005 and was launched in 2006. It was later renamed as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in 2009.
NREGA or MGNREGA, as it is known now, is a social security measure and an Indian law whose aim is to guarantee the ‘right to work’ in the rural areas. NREGA was a flagship programme of the UPA government when it was in power, which was implemented to directly touch the lives of the poor people and promote internal growth.
This Act aims to enhance the security of the livelihood of people living in rural areas. Therefore, the government aims to provide at least 100 days of wage employment to every household in a financial year who had adult members who could volunteer to undertake unskilled manual work.
NREGA can also help in protecting the environment, reducing the rural to urban migration, empowering the women of rural areas and fostering social equities apart from providing security economically and creating rural assets.
The law also provides different safeguard options for promoting its effective implementation and management.
As the name suggests, the Act guarantees to provide employment to the people living in the rural areas.
The main objectives of this Act are as follows:
In order to complete the objectives of NREGA, unique features have been put in place. These key features are:
After understanding the objectives and features of the scheme, we will now read how the Act is implemented in rural areas.
The funding of works and their implementation under the NREGA act are taken care of by the Central as well as State Government.
The activities that they fund for are explained as follows:
The Central Government funds NREGA for the activities given below:
The funds established by the State Government is called as State Employment Guarantee Fund under NREGA Scheme. The State Governments funds the activities explained below:
The Act has been introduced to empower poor people in the rural areas who want to but are unable to get work due to numerous unavoidable reasons. NREGA scheme has been put in place to provide employment opportunities for people who are living in rural areas, especially women, thereby increasing the employment rate of the rural area and the country.
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