Permanent Account Number or PAN, as it is commonly called, is a means of identifying various taxpayers in the country. PAN is a unique identification number assigned to taxpayers in India and it helps in linking all information pertaining to a particular taxpayer (for example taxes paid, refunds issued, outstanding arrears, income disclosed, transactions entered etc.) through the computer system. This is intended to track financial transactions of taxpayers and in turn, prevent tax frauds and tax evasion.
As per the provisions of Income Tax, it is mandatory to obtain PAN for specified persons such as persons having taxable income, persons carrying on business / profession with a turnover exceeding specified limit etc. Further, it is also necessary to quote PAN in various documents i.e., income tax return, any correspondence with income tax department, documents pertaining to certain transactions which are mentioned in Rule 114B of Income-tax rules, 1962 which includes sale and purchase of asset etc.
It is possible that a person may not be holding PAN or has applied for PAN but not yet been allotted the same. However, ideally, the absence of a PAN should not be a reason restricting an individual from entering into certain transactions or make it challenging for the income tax authorities to track financial transactions to prevent tax evasion/frauds. In such scenarios, Form 60 can be submitted along with relevant supporting documents to carry out the transaction.
Form 60 is a declaration to be filed by an individual or any person not being company or firm to carry out financial transactions that mandate quoting of PAN when
It should be noted that in case total income of the person entering into transaction exceeds maximum amount not chargeable to tax in the year of the transaction, Form 60 is acceptable only when a person has applied for PAN but allotment is pending.
As per Rule 114B of the Income Tax Rules, any person or entity undertaking the following transactions are required to mandatorily quote their PAN in all the documents pertaining to the transaction.
However, in absence of PAN, Form 60 must be produced by an individual who gets involved in any kind of transaction mentioned below:
|Sr. No.||Nature of Transaction||Value of Transaction|
|1.||Purchase or sale of any motor vehicle excluding two-wheelers||All such transactions|
|2.||Opening of bank account other than saving deposit account with a banking company or a co-operative bank||All such transactions|
|3.||Application for issue of debit / credit card||All such transactions|
|4.||Opening of DEMAT account||All such transactions|
|5.||Payment to restaurants or hotels in cash against the bills||Exceeding Rs 50,000 at one time|
|6.||Payment in cash in connection with travel to any foreign country or payment in cash for purchase of any foreign currency at any one time||Exceeding Rs 50,000|
|7.||Payment to a Mutual Fund for purchase of its units||Exceeding Rs 50,000|
|8.||Payment to a company or institution for acquiring debentures or bonds issued by it||Exceeding Rs 50,000|
|9.||Payment to RBI for acquiring bonds issued by it||Exceeding Rs 50,000|
i) bank or co-operative bank or
ii) post office
|i) Exceeding Rs 50,000 for one day
ii) Aggregating to more than 2,50,000 during 09/11/2016 to 30/12/2016
|11.||Purchase of bank draft or pay order or banker’s cheque in cash from bank or co-operative bank in one day||Exceeding Rs 50,000|
|12.||A time deposit with a banking company or a co-operative bank, a post office, a Nidhi or a non-banking financial institution||Exceeding Rs 50,000 or aggregating to more than Rs 5,00,000 during a financial year|
|13.||Payment for one or more pre-paid instruments||aggregating to more than Rs 50,000 during a financial year|
|14.||Payment of Life Insurance premium||aggregating to more than Rs 50,000 during a financial year|
|15.||A contract for sale or purchase of securities||Exceeding Rs 1,00,000 per transaction|
|16.||Sale or purchase of unlisted shares of a company||Exceeding Rs 1,00,000 per transaction|
|17.||Sale or purchase of any immovable property.
|Exceeding Rs 10,00,000 or valued by stamp valuation authorities exceeding Rs 10,00,000|
|18.||Sale or purchase of any goods or services other than the above||Exceeding Rs 2,00,000 per transaction|
In case of a minor entering into a transaction requiring quoting of a PAN, the PAN of his father or mother or the guardian or Form 60 as the case may be must be provided along with the application.
Declaration in Form 60 can be submitted either in paper form or online. It is to be submitted to the person with whom the transaction is being entered into. Non-residents are exempt from quoting of PAN/submission of Form 60 for few of the transactions specified above, such as while applying for credit or debit card, payment to restaurants or hotels against bill etc.
When a person has not applied for PAN, then a copy of following documents which serve as identity proof/address proof need to be submitted along with Form 60.
If PAN is applied for and allotment is pending, only proof of submission of application would suffice.
The following information requires to be filled in Form 60:
One must be careful before signing the declaration in Form 60 as any false information in the statement may have rigorous consequences.
Imprisonment between 3 months to 2 years with a fine can be imposed and if the amount involved is greater than Rs 25 lakhs, imprisonment between 6 months to 7 years with a fine can be imposed for false declaration made.