The term turnover fundamentally means the annual sales volume of the business after giving the effect of the discounts and the sales tax paid. A business whose aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds INR 20,00,000 has to register under Goods and Services Tax mandatorily. For Northeastern and hilly states (i.e. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand), this limit is set at INR 10,00,000.
However, irrespective of the turnovers, both the casual taxpayers and non-residents taxpayers are required to register under the GST regime. Also, there are certain situations/transactions mentioned under Section 24 of the CGST Act, wherein, irrespective of Aggregate Turnover, the person is required to get himself registered under the Act.
According to section 2(6) of the CGST Act, “aggregate turnover” means the aggregate value of all taxable supplies (excluding the value of inward supplies on which tax is payable by a person on reverse charge basis), exempt supplies, exports of goods or services or both and inter-state supplies of persons having the same Permanent Account Number, to be computed on all India basis. But it excludes Central tax, State tax, Union territory tax, Integrated tax and cess.
In simple terms, based on the given definition, the total of the following items shall be considered as aggregate turnover: Value of all –
The turnover of up to Rs 20 lakhs is completly exempted from GST and the limit is Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states. The main requirement for GST registration is aggregate turnover
Value of all (taxable supplies + Exports + Exempt supplies + Inter-state supplies) – (Taxes + Value of inward supplies + Value of supplies taxable under reverse charge + Non-taxable supplies Value) of a person having the same PAN (Permanent Account Number) across all his business across India.
The charges as given below shouldn’t be considered while calculating the aggregate turnover.
[ Read: Types of GST in India ]
Let us consider a practical scenario to gain a better understanding of the aggregate turnover:
Mr Anil Kumar is a farmer. His annual turnover is of INR 66,00,000 lakh. This being an agricultural income, the turnover would be exempted from GST. However, Mr Anil Kumar also supplies cardboard cartons along with his yield for which he charges separately. He yields INR 1,20,000 from the sale of cardboard cartons. This turnover of INR 1,20,000 would be chargeable to GST. As defined by law, Mr. Anil Kumar needs to get registered under GST because his aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit of INR 20,00,000 lakh. Though, as his aggregate turnover is less than Rs. 1 Crore (as decided in the 22nd GST Council meeting held on 06th October 2017), he may opt for the composition scheme and register himself as a composite dealer.
The same scenario would be applied here too with some modifications in the amounts: Suppose, the turnover of Mr Bipin Kumar, a farmer, who stays in Nagaland, is INR 15,00,000. Further, his taxable turnover from the sale of cardboard cartons is only INR 85,000. Here, since aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit of INR 10,00,000, Mr Bipin Kumar still needs to get registered under GST.
The special category states as per Government are: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Mizoram, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.
Further, in case a person has various branches across the world and s/he possesses the same Permanent Account Number (PAN) of Income Tax, his/her turnover for all such branches shall be aggregated.
The below-mentioned items will not form a part of the aggregate turnover:
Most of the industry experts have anticipated that GST will expand the taxpayer base in India. The small business owners who were only in the manufacturing sector pre-GST have suffered due to lowering of GST registration exemption limit; as in pre-GST regime, the registration under Central Tax (Excise Duty) had the basic exemption limit of Rs.1.5 crores. Registration under GST will certainly upsurge the compliance cost for small businesses in the short run. However, in the long run, it will surely be of their benefit since the data accumulated by the government will help them to come up with better and more practical policies for small businesses in the future.