Budget 2018 – Changes in the Income Tax Laws for AY 2019-20
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Budget 2018 – Changes in the Income Tax Laws for AY 2019-20

Changes in Income Tax laws for AY 2019-20

When the government introduced Union budget on February 1, 2018, it opened up some new avenues to save taxes. The government made various amendments in the tax laws to give some relief to the taxpayers. This article by H&R Block India will help you understand the 5 new or amended tax benefits announced by the government in the Union Budget 2018.


1) Standard deduction to salaried individuals and pensioners

Transport allowance and medical reimbursement are two tax deductions which almost every salaried taxpayer easily claims. The Finance Act, 2018 eliminated these two tax benefits. The tax benefit from transport allowance is Rs 19,200 p.a. (Rs 1,600 p.m.), while from reimbursement of medical expenses, it is Rs 15,000 p.a. At first, it may appear to be a loss of Rs 34,200 to you (Rs 19,200 + Rs 15,000). But, you don’t need to worry as a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 has been brought in their place. This is, in fact, a good news for you since the overall tax benefit has increased by Rs 5,800 (Rs 40,000 – Rs 34,200).

This tax benefit has also been extended to the pensioners. Pensioners were not allowed any tax benefit of transport allowance and medical reimbursement. Therefore, they can gain Rs 40,000 as tax-free income.


2) Enhanced deduction under section 80D

You must be familiar with this deduction under section 80D that you can claim when you pay a premium for medical insurance giving coverage to you or your family. The tax deduction currently allowed is up to Rs 30,000 of the insurance covers you, your spouse or your children. You can get additional deduction of Rs 30,000 on premium paid if you have a medical cover for your parents aged 60 years and above. If they are aged below 60 years, then the tax deduction cannot exceed Rs 25,000.

However, if anyone of you, your spouse or your parents is not covered under any insurance policy, then you can claim a tax deduction up to Rs 30,000 for the medical expenses incurred on them. Union budget 2018 has extended this benefit to senior citizens as well and increased the deduction limit from Rs 30,000 to Rs 50,000.


A summary of deduction allowed under section 80D is explained in the table below:

Nature of amount spent Family Member Parents
Age below 60 years

(value in Rs)

Age above 60 years

(value in Rs)

Age below 60 years

(value in Rs)

Age above 60 years

(value in Rs)

A) Medical Insurance 25,000 50,000 25,000 50,000
B) Central Govt Health Scheme 25,000 50,000
C) Health Check-up* 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000
D) Medical Expenditure 50,000 50,000
Maximum deduction 25,000 50,000 25,000 50,000

Further, the Finance Bill also proposes that in case of single premium health insurance policies which give coverage of more than a year, the deduction shall be allowed on a proportionate basis for all those years for which health insurance coverage is provided, subject to the specified monetary limit.


3) Increase in the deduction limit under section 80DDB

The tax deduction given to taxpayers for expenses incurred on treatment of his own or any family member’s critical illness has also been raised. Currently, the tax deduction is Rs 80,000 for super senior citizen, Rs 60,000 for senior citizen and Rs 40,000 in any other case.

The upper limit of deduction has been increased to Rs 1 lakh for both senior as well as super senior citizens but the limit remains the same for the taxpayers up to 60 years of age.


4) Increase in exemption limit on bank interest for senior citizens

In the AY 2019-20, senior citizens will be able to claim deduction up to Rs 50,000 on interest earned from bank deposits, post offices or co-operative banks as per the provisions of a new section 80TTB of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Any senior citizen who claims the tax deduction under section 80TTB will not be allowed to claim the benefits of section 80TTA from AY 2019-20. Section 194A has also been amended to disallow banks from deducting tax from payment of interest up to Rs 50,000 made to a senior citizen.


5) Enhanced tax benefit on gratuity

The tax exemption allowed on gratuity has also been increased in the Union budget 2018. The taxpayers currently get a tax exemption of Rs 10 lakh which will be raised to Rs 20 lakh. The taxpayers receiving gratuity on or after 1st April 2018 will be able to enjoy the increased tax benefit on gratuity.


6) NPS withdrawal exemption extended to non-employees

Employees investing in NPS get exemption up to 40% of the total accumulated balance in their NPS account at the time of withdrawal when they opt out or close the scheme. The budget 2018 has extended this tax benefit to everyone investing in NPS.


7) No capital gains tax if the variation in stamp value and the actual consideration is up to 5%

The taxpayers who sell an immovable property for a sale consideration which is less than the value adopted by the stamp authorities (circle rate), then the rec department considers the sales value as the actual sales consideration. This results in higher capital gains even if the taxpayer has not gained anything. Further, the buyer also pays tax on the amount resulting from the difference in the stamp value and actual consideration paid. This results in double taxation.

In budget 2018, the government has taken steps to help taxpayers making genuine transactions. The government has proposed that no adjustments shall be made where the circle rate is not more between the sale consideration and circle rate is not more than 5%.

All these new or amended benefits can be claimed by the taxpayers from AY 2019-20. Most of the tax benefits can be availed at the time of filing Income tax return. Therefore, it is important to be aware of tax laws and file returns accurately. H&R Block India is the largest individual tax filing intermediary in India. The in-house team of tax experts at H&R Block can get your Income tax returns filed accurately providing you optimum tax benefits.


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Niteesh Singh
Niteesh Singh
Niteesh works as a Tax Researcher at H&R Block India. He makes taxes easy to understand for people. He creates content for the website, marketing activities and social media. He carries experience in creating a wide variety of content like blogs, press releases, research papers, etc.


  1. Naresh says:

    I retired on 31/8/17 iwant to know exempted amount of gratuity for fy 2017_2018

    • Back side shiridi sai bab says:

      Dear friend,
      If your are a either Central or State Govt.employee, gratuity up to Rs.2000000/- , GPF full, encshment of leave salary for full can get full exemption. Otherwise, the said amounts can be exempted up to certain limits only.

  2. ANAND MS says:

    It is upto Rs.10 Lakh for the FY 2017-18 (AY 2018-19). It is increased from Rs.10 Lakh to Rs.20 Lakh from the FY 2018-19 (AY 2019-20).

  3. Deven V Shah says:

    The interest earned in Sr Citizen Saving Scheme is to be considered for bring exempt under the Budget provisions of 2018 for Rs.50000/ for interest earned on Bank deposits. My Sr Citizen Saving Scheme is with SBI.

  4. Nirmal Mukherjee says:

    I am an old 76 yrs and handicapped person losing two legs from above knee in a train accident
    in 1078, how much rebata will get for handicapped and senior citizen, in recent pay commission
    pay increased by rs 4000/now and increased from 1.1,2016 which arrear will get in this year2018.

    obviously now will be under tax if consider totall income in this year—rs 22300pm x36 months
    will be heavy amount—but it is due to govt.for giving revised pay scale from 1.1.16 to 31.12.18.
    will govt will relax us from tax.

  5. K7mar says:

    During the current financial year I doght 2 acers of land while registration i paid 40000 Rs as stamp duty can i get tax exemption for this 40000

  6. Rattipal Chauhan says:

    What rebates have been given to a Senior Citizen in the Budget for the A.Y. 2019-20? Please mention the same.

  7. Sandeep says:

    Hi guys,

    I have one doubt in 80DDB
    My age is 25 years, My Father is a senior citizen he is suffering from malignnat cancer

    So what will be the Maximum tax rebateable medical expenditure amount for me 40,000 or 1,00,000
    kindly reply

    Is it 1,00,000 for a dependent senior citizen .
    or 1,00,000 for Senior citizen who is Paying tax

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